Difference between Reasoning and Inference

Let's take a look at their definition

The reasoning is how we form inferences about the world, while inference is a conclusion drawn from true or assumed-true facts.


There are different types of reasoning, which have different advantages.

  • Deduction: a general-to-specific form of reasoning that goes from known truths to specific instances. If the hypotheses of a deduction are true and the reasoning is correct, then the conclusion is guaranteed to be true.
  • Inductive reasoning: a specific-to-general form of reasoning that tries to make generalizations based on specific instances. Inductive reasoning can lead to erroneous conclusions.
  • Abductive reasoning: a specific-to-general form of reasoning that specifically looks at cause and effect. Abductive reasoning is based on creating and testing hypotheses using the best information available. It does not guarantee a 100% correctness.

See also: Reasoning and Inference - Boundless Psychology

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